Thousand years ago, horses are totally wild as the majority of the animals in the world, however, in ancient Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and Russia, the first wild horses were domesticated. Humans understood that horses could have been useful for a lot of things, especially in transportation.
Until less than 2 centuries ago, horses were the first mean of transport and it has been like that for a long time. The automobiles didn’t exist hence animals needed to be used for transportation and who would be better than horses for transportation. This domestication of horses came with consequences in horses’ genetics as well.
Change of habitat and lifestyle always comes with physical changes, especially the habitat as one of the most famous theories of evolution from Darvin suggests. Our physical appearance should adjust to the environment we are living in. That’s how different races were created as well. It is no different from horses.
A group of scientists looked at the genetics behind the domestication of the horse and showed how human manipulation changed horses’ DNA. Although it might seem unbelievable, it is totally true. It is a change that we can’t avoid happening. Watch the video below and understand more about the impact of horse domestication.